|Questions the Current Discipline System Asks|
Question that Restorative Justice System Asks
- What rules or laws were broken?
- Who broke them?
- What do they deserve?
Restorative Justice Principles
- What is the harm caused and to whom?
- What are the needs and obligations that have arisen?
- Who has the obligation to address the needs, to repair the harms, to restore relationships?
- Voluntary participation
- Respect for everyone involved
- Inclusion of all the people impacted
- A focus on the harms, needs, and causes that have arisen
- Consensus-based decision-making focused on how to repair the harm and prevent future harm
- Opportunity for dialogue that aligns with the above principles
- Expanding the capacity of the community to create a just and fair response
What are activities that are centered around Restorative Justice?
What is Restorative Response to Intense Intervention?
- Relational Practices: working to understand how individuals in the classroom or school community relate to one another.
- Circles: coming together to facilitate student and teacher connectivity.
- Routines: creating classroom values, such as Classroom Constitutions, adhering to them, discussing them, questioning them.
When an apology is given or requested, the person making the apology:
- Focus is on relationships—not just those that have been damaged but among everyone involved in the incident and in the response.
- Space is allowed for the people and relationships harmed as well as those who harmed to vent and express feelings. Sometimes a waiting period is necessary before students can engage in a restorative process in a meaningful way.
To ensure that agreements that come out of restorative processes are upheld, make them SMART.
- Identifies the behavior for which they are apologizing.
- Identifies why it was wrong and how it affected others.
- Asks the persons harmed how the harm can be repaired and offers ways to repair it.
- Makes a commitment to change the behavior so that it does not happen again.
- Specific: what, where, when, and how
- Measurable: everyone should know when complete
- Attainable: all items are realistic and possible
- Relevant to the harm and/or root causes
- Time-bound: a date when each item will be completed